Solar Eclipse in Cancer July , Lunar Eclipse in Capricorn. Many astrologers believe that the effects of a Lunar eclipse last approximately six months. .. The Lunar eclipse on January 21st, , occurs when the Moon is at degree of . 11 Leo 37; Partial SOLAR Eclipse February 15 27 Aquarius
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Rise above, Libra. Connect to family, your living situation. Pour some appreciation into your home. This is an excellent time for self- care, so show yourself some love by taking time out for a hot oil bath. Forgive and clear away what no longer serves you.
Get lost in your creativity. This will take discipline. You have great ideas that need to be worked on NOW - but wait haven't you promised a few people your time and attention. Be careful not to burn bridges try to keep a lid on your temper. Return to school as a teacher or student or rediscover what "home" looks like to you. It's time to plan and be economical with your precious hours. Home and family concerns compete for your attention. There might be some stressful fires to put out in your personal life.
Something's gotta give! Champion your most heartfelt beliefs and passion projects and don't go along with the herd just to be liked. Your company is in high demand. Prepare for a life of the party vibe. Prepare for a lively social calendar. Prepare for a dream trip. Be cautious in all financial matters. It's okay to be enthusiastic about an investment but it is not a good time to indulge in retail therapy or make risky financial moves.
This is referred to as an eclipse limit, and is given in ranges because the apparent sizes and speeds of the Sun and Moon vary throughout the year. In the time it takes for the Moon to return to a node draconic month , the apparent position of the Sun has moved about 29 degrees, relative to the nodes. During a central eclipse, the Moon's umbra or antumbra, in the case of an annular eclipse moves rapidly from west to east across the Earth.
The width of the track of a central eclipse varies according to the relative apparent diameters of the Sun and Moon. But at what longitudes on the Earth's surface the shadow will fall, is a function of the Earth's rotation, and on how much that rotation has slowed down over time. This means that, although it is possible to predict that there will be a total eclipse on a certain date in the far future, it is not possible to predict in the far future exactly at what longitudes that eclipse will be total. The following factors determine the duration of a total solar eclipse in order of decreasing importance :  .
The longest eclipse that has been calculated thus far is the eclipse of July 16, with a maximum duration of 7 minutes 29 seconds over northern Guyana. Total solar eclipses are rare events. Although they occur somewhere on Earth every 18 months on average,  it is estimated that they recur at any given place only once every to years, on average.
This value changes over the millennia and is currently decreasing. Observers aboard a Concorde supersonic aircraft were able to stretch totality for this eclipse to about 74 minutes by flying along the path of the Moon's umbra. It is possible to predict other eclipses using eclipse cycles.
The saros is probably the best known and one of the most accurate. A saros lasts 6, A saros series always starts with a partial eclipse near one of Earth's polar regions, then shifts over the globe through a series of annular or total eclipses, and ends with a partial eclipse at the opposite polar region. A saros series lasts to years and 69 to 87 eclipses, with about 40 to 60 of them being central. Between two and five solar eclipses occur every year, with at least one per eclipse season. Since the Gregorian calendar was instituted in , years that have had five solar eclipses were , , , , , and The next occurrence will be Total solar eclipses are seen on Earth because of a fortuitous combination of circumstances.
Even on Earth, the diversity of eclipses familiar to people today is a temporary on a geological time scale phenomenon. Hundreds of millions of years in the past, the Moon was closer to the Earth and therefore apparently larger, so every solar eclipse was total or partial, and there were no annular eclipses.
Due to tidal acceleration , the orbit of the Moon around the Earth becomes approximately 3. Millions of years in the future, the Moon will be too far away to fully occlude the Sun, and no total eclipses will occur. In the same timeframe, the Sun may become brighter, making it appear larger in size. Historical eclipses are a very valuable resource for historians, in that they allow a few historical events to be dated precisely, from which other dates and ancient calendars may be deduced. The Book of Joshua describes an event that a group of University of Cambridge scholars concluded to be the annular solar eclipse that occurred on 30 October BC.
Eclipses have been interpreted as omens , or portents.
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Both sides put down their weapons and declared peace as a result of the eclipse. Chinese records of eclipses begin at around BC. Attempts have been made to establish the exact date of Good Friday by assuming that the darkness described at Jesus's crucifixion was a solar eclipse.
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This research has not yielded conclusive results,   and Good Friday is recorded as being at Passover , which is held at the time of a full moon. Further, the darkness lasted from the sixth hour to the ninth, or three hours, which is much, much longer than the eight-minute upper limit for any solar eclipse's totality. In the Western hemisphere, there are few reliable records of eclipses before AD , until the advent of Arab and monastic observations in the early medieval period. The first known telescopic observation of a total solar eclipse was made in France in The corona was identified as part of the Sun's atmosphere in , and the first photograph or daguerreotype of a total eclipse was taken of the solar eclipse of July 28, John Fiske summed up myths about the solar eclipse like this in his book Myth and Myth-Makers ,.
Now whether the robber carries off the light in the evening when Indra has gone to sleep, or boldly rears his black form against the sky during the daytime, causing darkness to spread over the earth, would make little difference to the framers of the myth. To a chicken a solar eclipse is the same thing as nightfall, and he goes to roost accordingly. Why, then, should the primitive thinker have made a distinction between the darkening of the sky caused by black clouds and that caused by the rotation of the earth?
He had no more conception of the scientific explanation of these phenomena than the chicken has of the scientific explanation of an eclipse. For him it was enough to know that the solar radiance was stolen, in the one case as in the other, and to suspect that the same demon was to blame for both robberies. Looking directly at the photosphere of the Sun the bright disk of the Sun itself , even for just a few seconds, can cause permanent damage to the retina of the eye, because of the intense visible and invisible radiation that the photosphere emits.
This damage can result in impairment of vision, up to and including blindness. The retina has no sensitivity to pain, and the effects of retinal damage may not appear for hours, so there is no warning that injury is occurring.
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Under normal conditions, the Sun is so bright that it is difficult to stare at it directly. However, during an eclipse, with so much of the Sun covered, it is easier and more tempting to stare at it. Looking at the Sun during an eclipse is as dangerous as looking at it outside an eclipse, except during the brief period of totality, when the Sun's disk is completely covered totality occurs only during a total eclipse and only very briefly; it does not occur during a partial or annular eclipse.
Viewing the Sun's disk through any kind of optical aid binoculars, a telescope, or even an optical camera viewfinder is extremely hazardous and can cause irreversible eye damage within a fraction of a second. Viewing the Sun during partial and annular eclipses and during total eclipses outside the brief period of totality requires special eye protection, or indirect viewing methods if eye damage is to be avoided.
The Sun's disk can be viewed using appropriate filtration to block the harmful part of the Sun's radiation.
Sunglasses do not make viewing the Sun safe. Only properly designed and certified solar filters should be used for direct viewing of the Sun's disk. The safest way to view the Sun's disk is by indirect projection. The projected image of the Sun can then be safely viewed; this technique can be used to observe sunspots , as well as eclipses. Care must be taken, however, to ensure that no one looks through the projector telescope, pinhole, etc. The optical viewfinders provided with some video and digital cameras are not safe.
Securely mounting 14 welder's glass in front of the lens and viewfinder protects the equipment and makes viewing possible.
All About Eclipses: A Guide for Coping with Them
In the partial eclipse path, one will not be able to see the corona or nearly complete darkening of the sky. However, depending on how much of the Sun's disk is obscured, some darkening may be noticeable. If three-quarters or more of the Sun is obscured, then an effect can be observed by which the daylight appears to be dim, as if the sky were overcast, yet objects still cast sharp shadows.
When the shrinking visible part of the photosphere becomes very small, Baily's beads will occur. These are caused by the sunlight still being able to reach the Earth through lunar valleys. Totality then begins with the diamond ring effect , the last bright flash of sunlight. It is safe to observe the total phase of a solar eclipse directly only when the Sun's photosphere is completely covered by the Moon, and not before or after totality.
The Sun's faint corona will be visible, and the chromosphere , solar prominences , and possibly even a solar flare may be seen. At the end of totality, the same effects will occur in reverse order, and on the opposite side of the Moon. Photographing an eclipse is possible with fairly common camera equipment.
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As with viewing the Sun directly, looking at it through the optical viewfinder of a camera can produce damage to the retina, so care is recommended. Using a camera's live view feature or an electronic viewfinder is safe for the human eye, but the Sun's rays could potentially irreparably damage digital image sensors unless the lens is covered by a properly designed solar filter. A dedicated group of eclipse chasers have pursued the observation of solar eclipses when they occur around the Earth.
A total solar eclipse provides a rare opportunity to observe the corona the outer layer of the Sun's atmosphere. Normally this is not visible because the photosphere is much brighter than the corona.
According to the point reached in the solar cycle , the corona may appear small and symmetric, or large and fuzzy. It is very hard to predict this in advance. As the light filters through leaves of trees during a partial eclipse, the overlapping leaves create natural pinholes, displaying mini eclipses on the ground.